Engineering Cellular Response Using Nanopatterned Bulk Metallic Glass (BMG)

May 28, 2014

MRSEC center: 
Yale University
Author(s) with affiliations: 
J. Padmanabhan, E. Kinser, M. Stalter, C. Duncan-Lewis, J. Balestrini, A. Sawyer, J. Schroers, T. Kyriakides, Engineering Cellular Response Using Nanopatterned Bulk Metallic Glass. ACS Nano 2014.

Biomaterials implanted in the body evoke a “Foreign body response” which results in encapsulation of the material in a collagen-rich protein capsule. Fibroblast cells, which produce collagen, mediate this process that leads to biomaterial rejection / device failure in vivo. Surface nanotopography of BMGs can be used to engineer fibroblast-material interactions.

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Heterogeneously integrated ferroelectric optical modulator on silicon with high Pockels’ coefficient

May 28, 2014

MRSEC center: 
Yale University
Author(s) with affiliations: 
H. Tang, F. Walker, C. Ahn (Yale University)

The collaboration among Hong Tang, Charles Ahn, and Fred Walker’s groups recently realized a new type of electro-optic modulator based on epitaxial ferroelectric BaTiO3 on silicon. A very high Pockels’ coefficient, up to 213 pm/V, was demonstrated, a record value that is more than six times larger than found in commercial optical modulators based on lithium niobate. The monolithically integrated BaTiO3 optical modulators show modulation bandwidth in the gigahertz regime, which is promising for broadband applications. 

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MRSEC Program Overview

Welcome to the internet hub of the Materials Research Science and Engineering Centers (MRSEC). This website provides organized information and resources at the various MRSECs for the international scientific, industrial, and educational materials research and development communities.

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Program Highlights

June 30, 2014

Observation of a Dissipation-Induced Classical to Quantum Transition

We study a novel dynamical phase transition of light, where photon-photon interactions and dissipation into the environment are key aspects of the physics. Together they give rise to a transition from a region of classical behavior into a regime where quantum effects dominate.
June 30, 2014

Landau Quantization and Quasiparticle Interference in the 3D Dirac Semimetal Cd3As2

Condensed matter systems provide a rich setting to realize Dirac and Majorana fermionic excitations and the possibility to manipulate them in materials for potential applications. Recently, it has been proposed that Weyl fermions, which are chiral, massless particles, can emerge in certain bulk materials or in topological insulator multilayers and can produce unusual transport properties, such as charge pumping driven by a chiral anomaly. A pair of Weyl fermions protected by crystalline symmetry, effectively forming a massless Dirac fermion, has been predicted to appear as low energy excitations in a number of candidate materials termed three-dimensional (3D) Dirac semimetals.