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e.g. Limestone Screenings - this includes limestone aggregate that is relatively small down to fine particles. A power tiller is the preferred tool. parts of the Pacific Northwest and the U.K., is that there is no hard compacted soil, or shale, or rock beneath the topsoil! You will probably have to clear the top surface of the yard after a while and then let it air dry. Which made me think nursery pallets > easier and cover more space and probably a lot cheaper. With my crew, I need to add a layer of fresh 1/4 minus every Fall. During my research, I also called BC Parks & Rec who commission the horse trails in the provincial parks here and asked them what they did, as their trails seem to stay in pretty good shape all winter long, with lots of traffic on them. So I want to lay down some kind of surface footing that will encourage water drainage and help keep my horses hooves drier, so we can avoid thrush and other hoof problems that are common in this rainy climate. I recently joined a horse track group and there was a post on fleece lasagna and how well it works in boggy areas , gateways and lane ways! Our rock and gravel delivery services have been used to install driveways, drainage systems, garden paths, roads, and much more. 2. I received your email, but no need to send the link now I see. Remember that you need to remove all organic matter from the surface of your gravel to ensure it is kept clean and can drain properly. If you ever test your soil and find it to be too acidic -- or below a pH of 7.0 -- a gardening expert would recommend adding lime to the . By the ton, the costs of crushed limestone will vary anywhere from $20 to as much as $30. I am considering granite stone dust or 89 Bahama at the moment which is a crushed coral product from its namesake. GABION ROCK - 4" X 8" CRUSHED LIMESTONE. I think for small, enclosed spaces like that, sand and/or rubber mats would be better because the horse needs to lie down on it. In general, delivery is free of charge for distances of up to 10 miles. Heres what 3/4 inch minus looks like and it costs me $700 including delivery: The truck arrived and dumped both loads of gravel near the shelters. If you can afford concrete I would 100% go with that!! If I could add some thoughts based on my experience working in the sand-and-gravel business: One thing I noticed is that the 1/4 minus you initially used is a crushed drain rock rather than a quarried rock. We just built our barn last fall. Limestone helps to keep down the smell of urine and feces due to its natural lime properties. Bulk crushed stone and gravel prices are $10 to $50 per ton on average. AND does it need the same amount of drainage capacity as your paddock, or less? The chips are soft and they can lay on them but more often they pee on them. Live and learn! I live in England and have winter paddocks. 1. Nearly all the faces of the fragments are fractured. Thanks! Here are a few reasons why crushed limestone can be a good choice. However, on the flip side of that argument, here's what a Farrier has to say about why she prefers crusher dust: "As a farrier, my favourite footing in this area is crusher dust. We dont know if it built up over years of ingesting a little at a time, or if he somehow swallowed a whole bunch at once. But as I pointed out above, examine the crusher before you order it, to make sure it is just crushed rock fines and doesnt contain any clay particles. That's where limestone from Baker Lime can help. yd. It can also be used for mixing concrete. So you could probably get away with less for each layer and maybe dont even need the 3 rock. 2. Plants require more than just water and sunlight to live a long and healthy life. If you dont care about the hows and the whys and the research and you just want the solution fast, then heres what I recommend after not only turning this area into a dry paddock but also after increasing my herd to 11 horses, moving to another property, and creating a dry paddock there! Sounds like a plan. We just had our stable built, with excavation down to the hard soil. One yard of #57 limestone gravel weighs approximately 1.4tons. Work these rocks into. Dont worry about timing everything to occur on the same day. Yes three walls and an open stall doors to the outside. The thing that packs down the hardest especially if you water/soak it and use a 1000 lb compactor is Crusher dust. However, at my current property, after doing everything exactly right, with the commercial-grade barrier cloth and all the right layers, by the end of the winter there were still craters and low spots in the footing. part of doing a crushed stone base to to dig up the grass and top soil and dig down . The two in front look taller than usual, Thank you so much for the invitation, but I will have to wait until I can afford my own plane (or fractional jet ownership!) If the hay does get on it, it isnt like sand for colic concerns that Ive ever heard of. It is crushed up #57 stone combined with . For sure, a base layer of well-compacted, large, well-draining rock would have helped prevent the 1/4 minus from being taken over by the mud so quickly. Best article ever- I needed up making it a little simpler and doing geo textile then 6 in granite fines and have no mud in my barn yard- CRUSHED GRANITE. The more frisky/active your horses are, the more they tear up the gravel. However, you dont want to use sand if your horses are going to be eating on the surface (can cause colic if ingested). Thanks for the response. Thanks so much for sharing your experience. If you do it right the first time, you may only have to do the underlayers once (as long as you keep organic matter off your paddock surface) and then top up with crusher dust every couple of years. The perm agg base coarse is basically a coarse 1-1/4 minus, and the perm agg top coarse is a coarse 5/8 minus (basically a 3/4 minus). The discussion seems to be wide ranging and I would appreciate your thoughts. One cubic yard contains 1.4 to 1.5 tons of stone. If you live in a place that only occasionally gets wet/floods, then you may be able to skip this step. BUT, what am I going to put on their paddock surface to create a paddock footing with adequate drainage? A local farmer grows willow (hardwood and quick growing) which is not poisonous and originally chipped it for power stations but they had special moisture parameters he could not meet. Per its name, crushed stone is created by taking larger pieces of stone or rock and crushing it into smaller. I will say, that year was the worst for rain weve had in a decade or so tons of houses had their basements flooded for the first time ever. Scroll. A smaller driveway may only require a budget of $300 to $350, while a longer and larger driveway may require up to $60,000 in budget. Its the best info Ive found. Call 360-318-8554 to order rock or gravel delivered in Whatcom County. About #4 Limestone Gravel Gray. You can also subscribe without commenting. A great book to give a whole other perspective on this is Wilding by Isabella Tree. There is much truth to this quip, as adding something to a muddy road often has . It certainly looks ideal for walking paths, Ill be interested to hear how it stands up to your horses hooves. How thick does each layer need to be? RIP RAP. Im very lucky they have enough room to go elsewhere than their stalls/paddock. Thanks for the discussion. I am totally disillusioned with any gravelled solution now. So 3/4 inch minus gravel means that the largest particle size is 3/4 of an inch and all the gravel in the load is guaranteed to be 3/4 inch or smaller. Ive never seen 3-inch woodchips for sale anywhere in the Vancouver area. It can also be called quarter minus, or flume sand. THANK YOU!!! I havent tried draingrids or mudgrids myself, so I cant comment on them. If you were to follow Dr. Swinkers advice, you could use pea gravel 0r 3/4-inch minus gravel on the bottom and crusher dust on top (crusher is really just tiny gravel with gravel particle dust), or limestone gravel and crusher dust, or limestone gravel and sand. I live in Chilliwack, so have the same weather as you . The water will travel through the rocks or gravel before entering the pipes. Gravel cost per yard It is abundant, widely available, and inexpensive. Crusher dust is gravel that has been crushed to the size of 1/4 or less. As I have 2 horses I intend to build a small turnout paddock for the winter months. It can also be used to level stepping-stones. It needs to be deep enough that the rock compacts and locks together so one layer (of 3 rock) is not enough. It was great to read such an informative article. Gravel/Crushed Rock fills approximately 1/3 cu. He suggests you lay down 5-6 inches of a 3-inch minus rock layer first, to provide that hard layer and then put your gravel on top of that, or you will just have to dump the same amount of gravel every year, year after year, because it just keeps sinking. Granite Base. You have to pick up manure everyday but so worth it. I really appreciated this article. Since putting the pea gravel down her feet have improved a lot as the little rocks act like ball bearings and roll around under her feet instead of sticking causing pain. I have a paddock area that has nothing but mud now, especially after heavy rains and whenever the snow melts. Im open to hear any new tips you may have to for my situation. Thanks for letting us know . Obviously droppings always need removing. You may always install. They dont lie down in there and only really use it for a shelter. Smaller stones, averaging under 1/2 in., are best for paths because they offer more comfort underfoot and pack together better. I have been debating over whether i need Geo-textile or not, as some areas are fairly hard but some seem to have some clay The farmer who spread the gravel for me suggested I try a load of crusher dust from Upper Fraser Valley Trucking next time he thought it would be a better surface, even spread directly on grass. One word of caution: Ive been using it for 6 years, no problems, but recently, recently, almost lost one of my horses to colic. Might be a case of dont ask apologize later if you have to Some of those bylaws are aimed at developers though and they may not bother with small usage it varies though, some are more rabid dog about it. Using these products together will prevent freezing by allowing for proper drainage without needing a french drainage system. Among the other options are crushed stone #411, quarry process, pea gravel, jersey shore gravel, marble chips, and river rock. The most common approach to firming up a muddy road is to add gravel. I ended up having to remove that entire layer and use it as fill elsewhere. If you are already starting with fairly hard footing underneath, crusher dust may not be your best option but on the Lower Mainland and Fraser Valley [of BC, Canada], it is rare for it not to be an improvement.. Like you mentioned, 1/4 minus is dense and will definitely not drain as well as a coarser product. Another thought: Do you offer your horses free choice minerals? Im going to pick his oh-so-experienced brain and see if he knows anything we dont already know or has some tips or tweaks that make a world of difference. Contact Us, How to Fix a Muddy Yard (Prevent Water Build-Up Tips). Btw, nope, he doesnt know anything thats not already in this article. At that time, I also hadnt bought/used any arena panels which are super useful for cross-fencing or creating smaller paddocks. What do you think about compacting the existing soil, laying down the fabric, and installing the Merchant solution over top? Occasionally if on slope older spent chips need shoveling up but they can go on ground, gardens, hardcore roads. For home use, it is typically bought in pellets or powder. Heres what the 1/4 inch minus crusher dust looks like on the paddock: And heres what the 3/4 inch gravel looks like on the paddock: I figured this would be a really good test to see which gravel held up best under the horses hooves during the rainy season, because I had them side-by-side for direct comparison! Thx, Kimberly, Hi Kimberly see points #4,5,6 in the first section: Create a Dry Paddock in even the Rainiest Climate. Ideal for situations where you need it to pack together, crushed stone is the product you want for walkways & driveways, or anywhere you need a good, hard base. Damage Caused by Slowfeeders, Hay Nets & Metal Grates and Solutions! I have seen improvement in hoof quality in every foot taken from hogfuel or mud and placed on crusher dust and comparing it to the sand options, it is still a better hoof. If you have a fenced yard, this is also a great way to reduce mud around the perimeter where your dog most likely walks the most to patrol the yard. As youve shown, it doesnt hold up well, but its not expensive to replenish here ($250 per 16k lbs.). You need good quality freshly chipped. What is your thoughts of the grids and french drains? Then they add 3/4 inch gravel, and then crusher dust. ), they told me that the Cloverdale Racetrack uses limestone gravel for their track. It can pack into a hard surface with limited drainage capacity. Heres what it looked like after the two truckloads of 3/4 inch gravel was spread out: I was happy with this for a few days, and then I started fretting about the fact that there really wasnt much room for them to move around and exercise, yet stay on the gravel. They went deep to get it too! It will naturally get pushed out to the edges over time anyway. . Ive heard gravel and have been avoiding it, but I am now considering it from your article/blog. yd.) If you do this, be certain to fill up the ground back in with soil and sow turf seeds so the grass grows back as well as the ground doesn't lose absorbent planet. At the base its currently just packed dirt. Fortunately, some remedies are transitory, while others are long-term. Clear all soft organic soil, grass, down to the compacted subgrade soil. Very interesting Pippa. In order to safely use limestone for landscaping, remember these points, and your garden will thrive: 1. So I called them up and ordered 45 tons of 1/4 inch minus crusher dust with squared edges (not sharp) and had that spread on the remaining half of the paddock. I heard the local racetrack likes to use it, but they are also grooming the track daily. It seems there is nothing harder for wear-and-tear on gravel than horses hooves! Well, keep me posted if you can and let me know what happens! It is fantastic that you took the time and effort to go into such detail. Lets start with these pictures of my first set-up, where I self-boarded my horses on a friends property, and my adventures in paddock footing began. My mare has Cushings and sometimes laminitis. This reminded me of the two-part base Washington Rock makes for turf sports field. The same problem occurs when you shovel manure. The horses have lovely pea gravel paddocks with in/out access. Honestly, the best solution is concrete all the stables in the UK (same climate) use concrete for high traffic areas. And it will drain even less well if its quarried rock rather than crushed drain rock. Crushed Concrete Rock. Ive also had a few that you had to be careful even with thumb pressure because that was enough to poke a hole through the sole.). With 2400 square feet of gravel, my horses were able to self-trim enough that they only needed the farrier to come out and trim every 5-6 months. Thats a relief. Still deciding on what to put on the top. If you can maximize drainage OUT of your gravel areas (using sloped land, French Drains, etc), then it might last a lot longer. As long as you keep their hay off the sand (hay nets with a large bucket or built in container to catch escaped hay underneath?) Crushed stone trails provide a user-friendly, all-season surface for all types and ages of visitors, including strollers, wheelchairs, and road bikes. You then start to add layers of more crushed stone or rock, but the size of the stones gets progressively smaller as you get closer to the surface. They are then free to honor their body wisdom and *listen* to their body because they are not in physical or psychological scarcity. Great info Donna thanks so much for sharing your knowledge! When it rains, you may build a patio, gazebo, or other, However, you will need to replace them with a long-term remedy since they wont last. In this front area I call the paddock are their water tubs and 2 walk-in shelters, each with its own slow feeder and rubber mats. $ 30 - Crushed Concrete Base (Base layer of new driveways, binds w dirt) $ 32 - Crushed Concrete 610 (Mix of 1 rock down [] Thanks for your time. Crushed limestone #8G (3/8-1/2 inch) is ideal for channeling water runoff on your property. Beautiful! What can I use as a surface layer that will pack down fairly hard and not get cut up by hooves? ft./Case) Our horses can come and go as the please into the paddock and back out into the property. They said it packs down better than pea gravel in the rain, there are less of the tiny stones to get stuck in the horses hooves, and its easy to shovel manure off of. I would still do the Nilex barrier cloth as the bottom layer though, and clear down to hardpan. She said most of the time you can find sheep herdsmen to give you the fleece for free. Outside is not so good; it gets slippery when wet and is even worse when it freezes so this year I have put some gravel/sand mix on top of the chalk in some areas and so far that is performing better. Any suggestions would be greatly appreciated. Mitchell uses the Nilex 4551 Non-woven Geotextile when he builds horse trails in provincial parks. Thanks again for the very informative article! Horses pulverize the manure on top of the gravel and very difficult to pick up the manure. Of course, I also have 11 horses and they are young and feisty. Hi Pat, if you just laid the gravel, but no geotextile cloth underneath, youll get one good winter out of it, possibly two. My 2 boys dont poop in their 24 x 36 paddock area so I cant comment on how much base I lose to a manure fork. The Most Effective Short-term Solution For A Muddy Yard. HOW are these plants, actually helping or addressing an imbalance in your soil? While you could use a number of materials to make your parking area, using gravel is a cost-effective option that provides you with a structurally sound end product. So you watch where water flows when its raining, and then scrape and lay your gravel during summer when its dry. ft. ($53.81 /case) $5.07 Save 20% ( 139) Model# GDRCOBRG Merola Tile Coppa Brown Gold 12 in. I havent used chalk limestone at all. When the wildies came in they hoovered the minerals at an incredible rate for about 8 weeks and then normalized they ate more in 8 weeks than the next 2 years! State Approved Road Base View Ad. I was interested to see if it would work, as a woman had written in (who also lives in this Pacific Northwest climate) to tell me that its never worked for her horses. Walking Paths. But by April, the area around the slow feeders was wet and mucky. It wouldnt be the most interesting thing Ive ever written, but it might be useful. Scraped out dirt, put in drain, geotextile, big rocks, then 57s, then screenings. Its just not healthy for the horses or us for that matter. It will all look normal. And the only thing you can do to remedy it is to pour concrete on top of your gravel thats my ultimate plan, when I have my own place and enough $$ to do so. Were doing the paddocks now using your advice. Ive heard from a number of people whove tried both that limestone packs down better. These are just a few of the many ways limestone can be used: 1. GAH this is the bane of my existence! Also goes a long way to keep down the fly/flea population. Its usually worth quite a bit of money. What are 57s Judy? Limestone Is Nutrient Rich. 3/4" Crushed Limestone Rock, 57 Stone. But as mine are so hard on footing, and theres so many of them lunging around, I have to level and add more crusher every year or two. She began riding at age 2 in Kenya, and got her first horse at age 8 in Alberta, and so continues a life-long journey and love affair with these amazing creatures. See the video at the end of this post here from a woman who also has 2 acres:, Or, this permaculture system: It gets as wet as the paddock, so the same footing will probably be best. I have been considering french drains as well. Our horses stay in the barn overnight in winter and are out during the day, and this is reversed in summer so the horses graze when its cooler at night. to see prices and products. 3/4 in. I have friends who have used almost the same formula but without the compacting and have to pick the rocks regularly (at least weekly, if not more often). Introduction Video: Customer Reviews: Product Videos: Categories. I only had the farrier out once this entire year and even then one of the horses didnt need anything the rest of the time they either self-trimmed or I helped them out with a touch-up here and there.